A building permit is a permit to be applied by the owner or administrator of a building to comply with the regulations set by the National Building Code. This has to be secured before construction commences.
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Purpose of a building permit
Building permits ensure construction projects comply with government or local building standards, safety codes, and zoning regulations.
Building permits are designed to ensure that construction projects meet safety requirements for structural stability, fire safety, electrical systems, and other building aspects that could threaten public health and safety.
Building permits ensure that construction projects comply with both local and national building codes and regulations. Regulations regarding zoning, building heights, setbacks, and other restrictions vary by location.
Protection of property value
By obtaining a building permit, you can ensure that the construction is completed to a high standard and that the resulting structure is safe and secure.
A building permit indicates that construction was completed following established regulations and codes, which provides liability protection to property owners, contractors, and architects.
This permit usually comes with ancillary or additional supplementary permits such as
• The architectural permit
• Civil/structural permit
• Electrical permit
• Mechanical Permit
• Sanitary permit
• Plumbing permit
• Electronics permit
• Fire Safety Clearance, Barangay Clearance, bill of materials, ECC, PTR & PRC of professionals
Before the applicant can secure this permit, he or she has to ensure that other building construction requirements have to be inspected and approved, with an authorized signatory visible in certain documents.
For example, an engineer should ensure that the electrical layout is safe, and the applicant should show proof he or she is the owner of the property or that he or she has legal documents proving the building is constructed or renovated on a tract of land being leased to him or her.
The application for a building permit requires several documents generally aimed at proving property ownership, a description of detailed plans, and compliance with the additional permits.
Ownership of the lot property
a. In case the applicant is the owner of the lot where construction will take place:
a1. A certified true copy of the Transfer Certificate of Title is on file with the Registry of Deeds.
a2. Tax Declaration
a3. Latest Real Property Tax Receipt
b. In case the applicant is not the registered owner of the lot:
b1. Duly notarized copy of the Contract of Lease or Deed of Absolute Sale
a. Application for Building Permit (5 copies)
b. Electrical Permit Forms (3 copies)
c. Sanitary Permit Forms (3 copies)
Five sets of a complete detailed plan
a. For the construction of the two-story building
- Structural Design Analysis – signed and sealed by Civil Engineer on every page
b. For the construction of a building taller than two-stories
- Boring and Plate Load Test
- Seismic Analysis
Proof of property ownership
- Photocopy of Transfer Certificate of Title (TCT)
- Photocopy of tax Declaration of Property-lot (Certified True Copy) – 5 copies
- Photocopy of Current Tax Receipt (5 copies)
Copy of License of Engineers and Architects
- Photocopy of PTR # and PRC license of all involved engineers and architects
Applicants will be issued a list of requirements to fulfill.
Procedure for Building Permit Application
- Prepare the list of requirements while you secure a checklist and application forms from the Office of the Building Official.
- Along with the filled-out forms and required documents as outlined in the checklist, submit them to the Office of the Building Official.
- Once the submitted requirements are complete, you will be granted an acknowledgment/follow-up slip.
- Within 10 working days, you will receive an order of payment from the Releasing Section of the building office. Settle the charge at the cashier’s office.
- After five days, the building permit will be released after the submission of proof of payment (official receipt).
Fees depend on the value of the property, the area of construction/renovation, and other factors.
In conclusion, applying for a building permit in the Philippines can be complex, but it is necessary in any construction project.
The requirements for obtaining a building permit helps ensure that the construction is safe, complies with building codes and zoning regulations, and protects the property value. It is important to comply with the requirements for obtaining a building permit to avoid penalties and legal consequences. Getting a building permit is not only a legal requirement but also promotes public safety and protects property owners from potential hazards.
Overall, the building permit application process in the Philippines requires careful attention to detail and compliance with all relevant regulations to ensure a successful construction project.